fjpupaf;f kw;Wk; fjph;tPr;R kUj;Jtk;> ifj;njhopy; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp tpz;zg;gq;fspd; mjpfhukspg;G kw;Wk; mDkjpg;gj;jpuk; toq;Fjy;.

gpd;tUk; eltbf;iffspw;Fk; $Wfspw;Fk; mDkjpg;gj;jpuk; toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

atom1 vf;];-fjph;tPr;R ghpNrhjid (njhiy-ghpNrhjid> fsiy ghpNrhjid kw;Wk; Neh;Nfhl;L ,af;fq;fs; (“linear accelerators”)

atom1 mZ kUj;Jtk; (fjpu;ghpNrhjid> vivo kw;Wk; in-vitro Neha; fz;Lgpg;Gfs;)

atom1 kUj;jt fjph; ghpNrhjid (nghJthd kw;Wk; tpNrlkhd)

atom1 ifj;njhopy; fjph;tPr;Rg; nghwpfs; (kUj;Jtg; nghUl;fspd; ghjpg;Gfs; kw;Wk; czTf; fjph;tPr;R)

atom1 “nfk;kh (Gamma) fjphpaf;f njhopy;fs; (Muha;r;rp> ,uj;jp fjphpaf;fk;)

atom1 ifj;njhopy; fjpupay; (nfk;kh kw;Wk; X-fjph;)

atom1 epA+l;ud; gpwg;ghf;fpfs;;> epAf;lypxdpf; Nf[];> rpwg;G nyh[;[pq; %yq;fs; kw;Wk; ntspr;r%l;ly; fUtpfs;.

atom1 gFg;gha;T X-fjph; cgfuzk;> fjphpaf;f %yq;fis cs;slf;fpa gFg;gha;T cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; ngl;lf X-fjph; gphpT

atom1 nghwpaplg;gl;l kw;Wk; nghwpaplg;glhj fjpu;tPr;R %yq;fs;

atom1 fjpupaf;f fUtpfs; kw;Wk; thd;fjph; nghUl;fspd; Vw;WkjpAk; ,wf;FkjpAk;

atom1 fjpupaf;f nghUl;fis Nghf;Ftuj;J nra;jy;

atom1 fjph;tPr;R cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; fjphpaf;f %yq;fis cs;slf;fpa cgfuzq;fis gOJghh;j;jy; kw;Wk; guhkhpj;jy;

atom1 fjpupaf;f fopT Kfhikj;JtKk; fsQ;rpag;gLj;jYk;

atom1 fjpupaf;f %yq;fis mfw;WjYk; KbTWj;JjYk;

atom1 fjphpaf;f %yq;fs; kw;Wk; fjpu;tPr;R fUtpfis tpw;gid nra;jy;